An example of cognitive modelling. Constructing a model of the broader context (situation, time and place) where the expert successfully expresses the target capability, as well as using content categories such as Dilts' Neurological levels. These activities all fall outside the scope of NLP being of different logical types.
Building descriptions of specific thought processes used by a model within a specific context. A series of micro models making up a complex capability. Another example of cognitive modelling.
In NLP map is a general term synonymous with description or subjective representation of reality.
Map of Reality
Reference to NLP presupposition "The map is not the territory." If everything a person senses is at one remove from external reality, then their representations constitute a map.
Thinking about one's thought processes from an outside perspective (meta-position.)
A meta model is a model of a model. In the world of NLP the Meta Model refers to a language tool developed by John Grinder and Richard Bandler to enable users to verify, clarify and specify imprecise verbal and written communication. The Meta Model provides questions to elicit information which previously was distorted, generalised and deleted.
The process of building Models for describing models. see Strategies.
A description of a set of circumstances designed to replicate the patterns of a real set of circumstances, used to offer solutions and suggestions or learning. Often used to allow learning to occur directly through the unconscious mind. Includes allegory and simile.
Content descriptions of some of the ways in which people can and do place their attention. The first meta programs were described by John Grinder as a humorous method of showing the distinction between patterns and content models for his students at UCSC. The distinction is made by chunking up from a content example to the pattern that informs it. Meta programs were taken up by Leslie Cameron-Bandler and her colleagues and used for profiling people. Cameron-Bandler now identifies meta programs as content. As a content model, meta program categorisation and use has no place in the context of NLP.
A set of tools, techniques, procedures and investigative methods, used to collect, store, analyse and present information. Scientific methodology involves the development of hypotheses and predictions, investigating the manipulation of particular variables while maintaining all other variables constant, using measurable, objective measures and statistical analyses in order to come to conclusions about the topic under investigation.
The Milton Model is a reflection of the Meta Model, in that it has the exact opposite function. It was developed by John Grinder, Richard Bandler, and Judith DeLozier after they modelled the psychiatrist and hypnotist Dr. Milton H. Erickson. Instead of filling in the gaps in language left by distortion generalisation and deletion, the Milton Model deliberately distorts, generalises and deletes information to offer direction for thought with non-specific content. This allows each listener to construct or remember their own experience within the framework offered by the speaker or writer. Examples where the Milton Model is used include Hypnotic induction and utilisation, political speeches and religious ceremonial language.
Doing something differently from another person with the result that rapport is broken. For example, breathing at a different rate, speaking more quickly or slowly than the other. Can be conscious or unconscious.
A general statement of a vision in word form. It is important to have a rich representation of the vision in all the senses, then the mission statement can be written in language which allows all parties to it to derive meaning from it, yet be precise enough to guide them towards achieving it. It is a general statement of intent, normally restricted to five or six lines of type.
Modelling (modeling) see also, (replicating talent) (NLP Modelling)
The effective description, replication and transfer of human capabilities from one person to another. It includes the detection of patterns of behaviour, the relationship of those patterns to a particular context, and some intended outcome. When modelling, we elicit and describe a series of templates of the thinking patterns used by an expert in the course of their expertise. We develop models within the framework of elegance, that is using the minimal number of distinctions necessary to provide an effective replication of the talent (Grinder, DeLozier & Bandler, 1977.) By removing any inessential features the capability is streamlined. A form of learning where a person is exposed to the behaviours and qualities of a significant other, which leads to the representation, internalising and later expression of those behaviours and or qualities. Examples include children modelling parents, students modelling a mentor or teacher, and the apprenticeship system. When done deliberately, modelling is the elicitation and replication of particular skills and expertise from a chosen expert in that field. Often the most valuable components of their skills were previously outside their conscious awareness. See also Replicating Talent, NLP Modelling.
Linguistic term referring to words which denote requirement or options. Cited in meta-model as modal operators of necessity (should, must, have to) and modal operators of possibility (might, could.)
Model of the World
The sum total of an individual's beliefs, values, perceptual filters, desires, expectations, experiences and understanding of the world. Each person has a unique combination of the above. As human beings, our behaviour is governed by how we perceive, believe, and think about ourselves and the world. It is our internal representation of reality, and the processes we use to organise our internal representations that shape our actions. These internal maps and the relationships within our minds are referred to as our model of the world.
We act on and through our maps of reality rather than on the world directly. Having and using multiple maps of the world offers distinct advantages over any single map. Different descriptions for different circumstances, as well as multiple descriptions for a particular context add richness in terms of possible choices in how to act and be in the world. A minimum of three examples of any given skill, concept or activity, thus allowing the learner to cross refer and understand in depth. The purpose of creating multiple descriptions is to enable the individual to access a wider range of information, including that which may have been outside their awareness. That having and using multiple maps of the world offers distinct advantages over any single map. Different descriptions for different circumstances, as well as multiple descriptions for a particular context add richness in terms of possible choices in how to act and be in the world.
In this model it is presupposed that individuals in Western society are exposed to many different experiences, and that it is the norm for an individual to develop different capabilities and mental strategies, expressed as multiple intelligences. These are commonly listed as visual, spatial, linguistic, musical, physical, and numerical, and they cover a broader range of activity than that which is measured in IQ tests.